Terms Of Sea Transportation

Charter Transportation  It is the transportation made by renting the ship completely or partially (part cargo).

 

GENERAL TERMS

GENERAL TERMS
Terms Means
Shipowner  Ship owner, carrier
Agency  An organization that operates on behalf of a shipowner in any port and acts as his representative.
NVOCC  ”Non Vessel Operating Common Carrier” is a company that carries out transportation without owning a ship.
Co-Loader  A company that consolidates the cargoes of other forwarders with its own cargo.
Forwarder  The organizing company that carries out the operation of road, air, sea, railway transportation, customs clearance and insurance services and has an active agency network.
Ocean Bill of Lading (B/L)  Marine bill of lading
A. Master B/L (main bill of lading)
B. House B/L (Dec.)
Charter Transportation  It is the transportation made by renting the ship completely or partially (part cargo).
Charter Party  This is the name given to the contract concluded between the carrier and the Deckhand
Bulk Loading  Bulk loading in conventional freight transportation.
Broker  A broker who acts as an intermediary between the Deckhand and the loader. Prepares a c/p between the freight owner and the carrier, receives the freight from the broker, Decises the commission and sends the rest to the carrier. He resolves disputes between the owner of the cargo and the Decoy. Brokers connect cargo, find ships, buy and sell ships, do business. Brokers are divided into 2 by 1. Those who find cargo on the ship, 2. They are the ones who find the cargo ship. Broker commissions are usually 1.25. if it is called 3.75, the 2.5 address commission is the broker commission at 1.25.
Address Commission  The freight owner receives a commission as if he finds a freight.
Ro-ro Transportation  Transportation by ships carrying vehicles, trailers or containers
Major Routes  Main freight lines.
Liner Agency  Regular line agency (performs all operations including freight and expedition operations)
Tramp Agency  Organizes the entry and exit of the ship to the port on a one-time basis.
Protecting Agency  Protects the interests of the ship on behalf of the shipowner. Berthing lifting load v.s. He doesn’t do transactions.
Forwarder Agent  Arranges and follows the transportation of the cargo
Running Coast  The cost of running the ship daily. (black staff costs + annual repairs + insurance + and taxes are also covered)
Operation Cost  crew+store+lubricants+repairs+maintenance+administration
Expedition Cost  covers fuel + oil + water + port costs + loading and unloading costs.
Voyage Cost  bunker + bunker price + port charges + canal dues + tugs etc.
Capital Expenditures  The loan covers interest and depreciation
Depreciation  My annual decrease based on the wear and tear of the ship. If we have bought the ship for $10,000,000, $1,000,000 is deducted from the annual earnings every year to pay it off in 10 years. The expense is counted and the tax is deducted.
LOADING AND UNLOADING TERMS
Free In (FI)  The cost of loading at the port
Free Out (FO)  The cost of unloading at the port
Liner In (LI)  The cost of loading belongs to the shipowner
Liner Out (LO)  The cost of unloading belongs to the shipowner
Stuffing  Stacking, placing the cargo in the container
Unstuffing  Emptying the container
Stevedoring  The service of loading and unloading the ship
Sous polan  The goods do not land at the customs warehouse while the goods are on the way, the buyer pays the customs and receives the cargo directly from the ship.
Kabbalah  Instead of the worker working on time for 1 day, for example; Making an agreement in the form of loading 300 tons in 1 day and completing the work.
PORT TERMS
Storage  Port storage / storage room
Demurrage  If the ship exceeds the loading and unloading time assigned to it, or if the cargo waiting in the container is not withdrawn from customs and unloaded before the assigned time.
Free Time  The free time is the time that the load can wait without demurrage. Demurrage is applied during the time out.
THC (Terminal Handling Fee)  The handling fee at the port
Temporary Acceptance  In accordance with the customs legislation in Turkey, containers are goods subject to customs. For this reason, it is the customs clearance cost incurred if a container is removed from the bonded area at the port or brought back to the port.
FREIGHT RELATED TERMS
Freight  It is transported either by weight or by volume. Per day at time charter, voy. Freight per ton is discussed in charter and world scale on tankers. World scale 80
Ad Valorem  Freight according to the value of the freight. (If the loader does not declare the real value of the cargo, he receives the damage from the damage that will occur according to his declaration)
Back Freight  The return freight is the freight requested when the cargo is not accepted by the buyer when it is brought back to the port of loading.
Paid Freight  Advance payment CIF (The bill of lading should not be delivered until it is known that the freight has been paid.)
Dead Freight  If the dead freight is agreed to 25000 tons with a 25000-ton ship, but it loads 20000 tons, the dead freight is requested for the missing 5000 tons of cargo.
W/M  Weight of Measurement
CAF (Currency Adjustment Factor)  Including fluctuations in the US dollar in freight
Congestion Surcharge  Extra charge applied on the freight due to the density of the port.
BAF (Bunker Adjustment Factor)  Inclusion of fluctuations in fuel oil prices in a certain proportion of freight in overseas transportation
October  Additional fee imposed by the shipowner to reduce the risk, which is usually used in export freight from Turkey
War Risk Surcharge (WRS)  Additional fee charged in October in addition to the freight for voyages to ports with a risk of war
High Cube Surcharge  Additional charge for high cube container
IMCO Charge  October surcharge required by the shipowner for the transportation of dangerous goods
TYPES OF BILLS OF LADING
Received B/L  It is given as received for small parcel loads to be accumulated in the warehouse.
Shipped B/L  It is given to the goods loaded on the ship.
Trough B/L  Used in combined transports (land + sea + train) connected transports.
Order B/L  (To the Order/Bearer) receives the cargo that brings the bill of lading.
Direct B/L  The receiver name is written on the Nam in B/L only he receives the load. – The buyer signs only the front side of the bill of lading. – The B/L we signed also says how many originals and copies there are. It should be signed with attention to this. – B/L should not be signed before the entire cargo is received. It should be noted that this is the date of receipt of the entire cargo. – It is important to check the availability of B/L information with Mate Receipt. – Missing/damaged load on Mate Receipt, etc. comments should be written in B/L. – If the remarks in the Mate Receipt are not in B/L and the load is missing, do not show the Mate Receipt to the ash. – After receiving the bill of lading and delivering the cargo, when the evacuation is completed, completed is written on the bill of lading and sealed and signed, so that the provision of the bill of lading does not remain.

Which Shipowner Goes To Which Porttion?

 

LINES/SHIPOWNERS PORTS FAVORITE RATING
MAERSK AARHUS 1
MSC AARHUS 2
CMA AARHUS 3
CMA ABIDJAN 1
MSC ABIDJAN 2
MAERSK ABIDJAN 3
ZIM LINE ABIDJAN 4
CMA ABU DHABI 1
MSC ABU DHABI 2
MAERSK ABU DHABI 3
UASC ABU DHABI 4
CMA ADELAIDE 1
HAPAG LLOYD ADELAIDE 2
CMA ADEN 1
MSC ADEN 2
MAERSK ADEN 3
TURKON ALEXANDRIA 1
HAMBURG SUD ALEXANDRIA 2
EMES ALEXANDRIA 3
MSC ALEXANDRIA 4
MAERSK ALGECIRAS 1
EMES ALGER 1
CMA ALGER 2
MSC ALGER 3
MSC ALTAMIRA 1
HAMBURG SUD ALTAMIRA 2
CMA ALTAMIRA 3
MSC AMSTERDAM 1
HAMBURG SUD ANTWERP 1
MSC ANTWERP 2
CCL ANTWERP 3
TURKON ANTWERP 4
CMA ANTWERP 5
ZIM LINE ANTWERP 6
MSC APAPA 1
MAERSK APAPA 2
UASC APAPA 3
TURKON ASHDOD 1
YML ASHDOD 2
ADMIRAL ASHDOD 3
K-LINE ASHDOD 4
ZIM LINE ASHDOD 5
HAPAG LLOYD ASHDOD 6
MAERSK AUCKLAND 1
HAPAG LLOYD AUCKLAND 2
MSC BALTIMORE 1
NORDANA (RO-RO) BALTIMORE 2
NL / CSAV BANGLORE 1
EVERGREEN BANGKOK 1
K-LINE BANGKOK 2
CMA BANGKOK 3
MSC BANGKOK 4
HAPAG LLOYD BANGKOK 5
MSC BARCELONA 1
TURKON BARCELONA 2
EMES BARCELONA 3
TURKON BEIRUT 1
EMES BEIRUT 2
HAMBURG SUD BEIRUT 3
CMA BEIRUT 4
MSC BENGHAZI 1
EMES BENGHAZI 2
CMA BENGHAZI 3
MAERSK BENGHAZI 4
CMA BILBAO 1
MSC BILBAO 2
MAERSK BOMBAY 1
EVERGREEN BOMBAY 2
MSC BOSTON 1
MAERSK BREMERHAVEN 1
MSC BREMERHAVEN 2
CMA BRISBANE 1
K-LINE BRISBANE 2
MAERSK BUSAN 1
EVERGREEN BUSAN 2
HAPAG LLOYD BUSAN 3
K-LINE BUSAN 4
NYK BUSAN 5
HAPAG LLOYD CAGLIARY 1
MAERSK CAPE TOWN 1
MSC CAPE TOWN 2
BORCHARD CARDIFF 1
MSC CASABLANCA 1
EMES CASABLANCA 2
CMA CASABLANCA 3
TURKON CASABLANCA 4
EMES CASTELLON 1
APL CHARLESTON 1
HAPAG LLOYD CHARLESTON 2
MSC CHARLESTON 3
MAERSK CHENNAI 1
HAPAG LLOYD CHENNAI 2
MAERSK CHITTAGONG 1
ZIM LINE CHITTAGONG 2
CMA CHITTAGONG 3
HAPAG LLOYD CHITTAGONG 4
NYK CHITTAGONG 5
MSC CHITTAGONG 6
ZIM LINE COLOMBO 1
HAPAG LLOYD COLOMBO 2
MSC COLOMBO 3
MAERSK COLOMBO 4
MSC COPENHAGEN 1
MAERSK COPENHAGEN 2
CMA COPENHAGEN 3
K-LINE COPENHAGEN 4
MSC CORK 1
CMA CORK 2
HAMBURG SUD CORK 3
CMA DAKAR 1
MAERSK DAKAR 2
MSC DAKAR 3
CMA DAMIETTA 1
HAPAG LLOYD DAMIETTA 2
CCL DAMIETTA 3
CMA DAMMAM 1
MAERSK DAMMAM 2
MSC DAMMAM 3
UASC DAMMAM 4
MAERSK DAR ES SALAA 1
CMA DAR ES SALAA 2
MSC DAR ES SALAA 3
MAERSK DJIBOUTI 1
CMA DJIBOUTI 2
ZIM LINE DJIBOUTI 3
CMA DOHA 1
MAERSK DOHA 2
MSC DOHA 3
MSC DOUALA 1
MAERSK DOUALA 2
CMA DOUALA 3
CMA DUBAI 1
BORCHARD DUBLIN 1
HAMBURG SUD DUBLIN 2
MSC DUBLIN 3
CMA DURRES 1
MSC DURRES 2
HAMBURG SUD FELIXSTOWE 2
MSC FELIXSTOWE 1
MAERSK FELIXSTOWE 3
CCL FELIXSTOWE 4
CMA FOS SUR MER 1
MSC FOS SUR MER 2
TURKON FOS SUR MER 3
CMA FREMANTLE 1
MAERSK FREMANTLE 2
HAPAG LLOYD FREMANTLE 3
MAERSK GDANSK 1
HAMBURG SUD GDANSK 2
HAMBURG SUD GDYNIA 1
MSC GDYNIA 2
TURKON GENOA 1
HAPAG LLOYD GENOA 2
MSC GENOA 3
EVERGREEN GENOA 4
EMES GENOA 5
ZIM LINE GENOA 6
MAERSK GIOIA TAURO 1
MSC GIOIA TAURO 2
MAERSK GOTHENBURG 1
CMA GOTHENBURG 2
MSC GOTHENBURG 3
CMA GUANGZHOU 1
ZIM LINE GUANGZHOU 2
TURKON HAIFA 1
ZIM LINE HAIFA 2
MSC HAIFA 3
YML HAIFA 4
HAPAG LLOYD HAIFA 5
ADMIRAL HAIFA 6
K-LINE HAIFA 7
MAERSK HAIPHONG 1
EVERGREEN HAIPHONG 2
HAPAG LLOYD HAIPHONG 3
ZIM LINE HALIFAX 1
HAMBURG SUD HAMBURG 1
MSC HAMBURG 2
TURKON HAMBURG 3
CMA HAMBURG 4
EVERGREEN HO CHI MINH 1
MAERSK HO CHI MINH 2
K-LINE HO CHI MINH 3
CMA HODEIDAH 1
UASC HODEIDAH 2
MAERSK HODEIDAH 3
HAPAG LLOYD HONG KONG 1
MAERSK HONG KONG 2
K-LINE HONG KONG 3
YML HONG KONG 4
MSC HOUSTON 1
CMA HOUSTON 2
HAPAG LLOYD HOUSTON 3
MAERSK HOUSTON 4
NORDANA HOUSTON 5
MAERSK HUANGPU 1
K-LINE HUANGPU 2
ZIM LINE ITAJAI 1
MAERSK ITAJAI 2
EVERGREEN JAKARTA 1
MAERSK JAKARTA 2
MSC JAKARTA 3
HAPAG LLOYD JAKARTA 4
MAERSK JEBEL ALI 1
MSC JEBEL ALI 2
UASC JEBEL ALI 3
HAPAG LLOYD JEBEL ALI 4
CMA JEBEL ALI 5
HANJIN JEBEL ALI 6
CMA JEDDAH 1
MSC JEDDAH 2
HANJIN JEDDAH 3
MAERSK JEDDAH 4
UASC JEDDAH 5
EVERGREEN KAOHSIUNG 1
MAERSK KAOHSIUNG 2
HAPAG LLOYD KAOHSIUNG 3
K-LINE KAOHSIUNG 4
HAPAG LLOYD KARACHI 1
UASC KARACHI 2
CMA KARACHI 3
EMES KARACHI 4
EVERGREEN KEELUNG 1
K-LINE KEELUNG 2
CMA KEELUNG 3
MSC KLAIPEDA 1
HAMBURG SUD KLAIPEDA 2
K-LINE KLAIPEDA 3
MAERSK KOBE 1
K-LINE KOBE 2
EMES KONSTANTA 1
ZIM LINE KONSTANTA 2
MSC KOPER 1
MAERSK KOPER 2
CMA KUWAIT 1
MSC KUWAIT 2
UASC KUWAIT 3
CMA LA GUAIRA 1
NORDANA LA GUAIRA 2
ZIM LINE LA GUAIRA 3
EMES LA SPEZIA 1
MSC LA SPEZIA 2
HAPAG LLOYD LA SPEZIA 3
MAERSK LAGOS 1
MAERSK LAEM CHABANG
TURKON LATTAKIA 1
HAMBURG SUD LATTAKIA 2
EMES LATTAKIA 3
MSC LE HAVRE 1
CMA LE HAVRE 2
CCL LE HAVRE 3
BORCHARD LEIXOES 1
MSC LEIXOES 2
ZIM LINE LEIXOES 3
HAMBURG SUD LISBON 1
HAPAG LLOYD LISBON 2
MAERSK LISBON 3
CMA LISBON 4
BORCHARD LIVERPOOL 1
MSC LIVERPOOL 2
HAMBURG SUD LIVORNO 1
HAPAG LLOYD LIVORNO 2
MSC LOME 1
SAFMARINE LOME 2
MSC LONG BEACH 1
CMA LONG BEACH 2
ZIM LINE LOS ANGELOS 1
HAPAG LLOYD LOS ANGELOS 2
MAERSK LOS ANGELOS 3
MSC MALAGA 1
EVERGREEN MANILA 1
K-LINE MANILA 2
HANJIN MANILA 3
TURKON MARSEILLE 1
HAPAG LLOYD MANZANILLO 1
MAERSK MANZANILLO 2
CMA MANZANILLO 3
CMA MAPUTO 1
MSC MAPUTO 2
SAFMARINE MAPUTO 3
CMA MELBOURNE 1
HAPAG LLOYD MELBOURNE 2
MAERSK MELBOURNE 3
CMA MIAMI 1
MAERSK MIAMI 2
EMES MISURATA 1
EVERGREEN MISURATA 2
MSC MISURATA 3
NORDANA MISURATA 4
MAERSK MOMBASSA 1
MSC MOMBASSA 2
ZIM LINE MOMBASSA 3
CMA MOMBASSA 4
MSC MONTREAL 1
MAERSK MONTREAL 2
HAPAG LLOYD MONTREAL 3
HANJIN MONTREAL 4
MSC MUSCAT 1
MAERSK MUSCAT 2
EVERGREEN NAGOYA 1
K-LINE NAGOYA 2
HAPAG LLOYD NHAVA SHEVA 1
UASC NHAVA SHEVA 2
HANJIN NHAVA SHEVA 3
TURKON NEW YORK 1
CMA NEW YORK 2
HAPAG LLOYD NEW YORK 3
UASC NEW YORK 4
ZIM LINE NEW YORK 5
MAERSK NINGBO 1
CMA NINGBO 2
NYK NINGBO 3
UASC NORFOLK 1
CMA NORFOLK 2
HAPAG LLOYD NORFOLK 3
MAERSK NORFOLK 4
EMES NOVOROSSIYS 1
ZIM LINE NOVOROSSIYS 2
HAPAG LLOYD OAKLAND 1
ZIM LINE OAKLAND 2
CMA OAKLAND 3
MSC OAKLAND 4
EMES ODESSA 1
ZIM LINE ODESSA 2
CMA ORAN 1
MSC ORAN 2
EVERGREEN OSAKA 1
CMA OSAKA 2
ZIM LINE PARAMARIBO 1
HAMBURG SUD PARANAGUA 1
MSC PARANAGUA 2
CMA PENANG 1
K-LINE PENANG 2
EMES PIREUS 1
CMA PIREUS 2
EVERGREEN PIREUS 3
CMA PORT AU PRINC 1
ZIM LINE PORT AU PRINC 2
MAERSK PORT ELIZABET 1
MSC PORT ELIZABET 2
HAPAG LLOYD PORT ELIZABET 3
YML PORT KELANG 1
ZIM LINE PORT KELANG 2
CMA PORT KELANG 3
MSC PORT OF SPAIN 1
ZIM LINE PORT OF SPAIN 2
MAERSK PORT OF SPAIN 3
UASC PORT QASIM 1
MAERSK PORT QASIM 2
MAERSK PORT SAID 1
HANJIN PORT SAID 2
HAPAG LLOYD PORT SAID 3
K-LINE PORT SAID 4
YML PORT SAID 5
CMA PORT SUDAN 1
UASC PORT SUDAN 2
HAPAG LLOYD PORT SUDAN 3
MSC PORT SUDAN 4
SAFMARINE PORT SUDAN 5
HAPAG LLOYD PORTLAND 1
TURKON PORTSMOUTH 1
CMA POTI 1
MAERSK POTI 2
CMA PIERTO CABELL 1
ZIM LINE PUERTO LIMON 1
MAERSK PUERTO LIMON 2
MAERSK QINGDAO 1
CMA QINGDAO 2
EVERGREEN QINGDAO 3
MSC RAVENNA 1
SERMAR LINE RAVENNA 2
MSC RIGA 1
MAERSK RIGA 2
CMA RIGA 3
MSC RIJEKA 1
HAMBURG SUD RIO DE JENARI 1
MSC RIO DE JENARI 2
MSC ROTTERDAM 1
HAMBURG SUD ROTTERDAM 2
CCL ROTTERDAM 3
BORCHARD ROTTERDAM 4
TURKON SALERNO 1
BORCHARD SALERNO 2
HAMBURG SUD SALERNO 3
MSC SANTOS 1
HAMBURG SUD SANTOS 2
CMA SANTOS 3
MAERSK SANTOS 4
MAERSK SAN ANTONIO 1
TURKON SAVANNAH 1
MAERSK SAVANNAH 2
ZIM LINE SAVANNAH 3
CMA SAVANNAH 4
CMA SEATTLE 1
EVERGREEN SHANGAI 1
HAPAG LLOYD SHANGAI 2
CMA SHANGAI 3
MSC SHANGAI 4
UASC SHANGAI 5
CMA SHARJAH 1
MSC SHARJAH 2
HAPAG LLOYD SHEKOU 1
CSCL SHEKOU 2
NYK SHEKOU 3
MAERSK SINGAPORE 1
HAPAG LLOYD SINGAPORE 2
K-LINE SINGAPORE 3
NYK SINGAPORE 4
HAMBURG SUD ST PETERSBOU 1
MSC ST PETERSBOU 2
CMA ST PETERSBOU 3
YML ST PETERSBOU 4
CMA SYDNEY 1
HAPAG LLOYD SYDNEY 2
MAERSK SYDNEY 3
EVERGREEN TAICHUNG 1
CMA TANGIER 1
MAERSK TANGIER 2
HAPAG LLOYD TIANJIN 1
CSCL TIANJIN
MAERSK TINCAN 1
MSC TINCAN 2
ZIM LINE TINCAN
HAPAG LLOYD TOKYO 1
K-LINE TOKYO 2
MAERSK TOKYO 3
EVERGREEN TOKYO 4
UN RO-RO TRIESTE 1
MSC TRIESTE 2
CMA TRIPOLI 1
MSC TRIPOLI 2
CMA TUNIS 1
EMES TUNIS 2
MSC TUNIS 3
EVERGREEN TUNIS
MSC UMM QASR 1
MSC VALENCIA 1
UASC VALENCIA 2
TURKON VALENCIA 3
HAMBURG SUD VALENCIA 4
HAMBURG SUD VALPARAISO 1
CMA VALPARAISO 3
APL VANCOUVER 1
MSC VENICE 1
SERMAR LINE VENICE 2
EVERGREEN VENICE 3
MSC VERACRUZ 1
CMA VERACRUZ 2
MSC VIGO 1
MAERSK VIGO 2
EVERGREEN XIAMEN 1
ZIM LINE XIAMEN 2
MAERSK XIAMEN 3
MSC XIAMEN 5
EVERGREEN XINGANG 1
CMA XINGANG 2
MSC XINGANG 3
MAERSK XINGANG 4
YML XINGANG 5
EVERGREEN YANTIAN 1
COSCO YANTIAN 2
EVERGREEN YOKOHAMA 1
CMA YOKOHAMA 2
MAERSK YOKOHAMA 3
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