Coffee is a type of beverage obtained by separating the seeds from the fruits of the tree called coffea as a result of various processes and preparing it with brewing methods that differ from region to region. The seeds of these fruits are consumed by brewing in water after various processes. Although each country has its own unique beverages that it has created according to cultural palate habits, coffee has managed to enter the lives of most people on earth, unlike these. Every society has attributed its own meanings to coffee; It is roasted, brewed and presented in its own way.
National Coffee Day 2022
1 October National Coffee Day are special days that also emphasize the days of coffee. Countries celebrating World Coffee Day consist of 99% of coffee houses. Awareness is being stripped away from the expansion of coffee promoted from the narrative being created and the display of local cuisines.
In 1963, the International Coffee Organization in London was listed in the daily sale of 29 September – 1 October. However, it is also known that October 1st Coffee Day dates back to earlier times. It was first announced by the Japanese Coffee Association in 1983 in the United States in 2005. Those who celebrate your breakfast in 2015 in countries such as Taiwan and Nepal. After the international flight of the ICO in 2015, the days in the countries that celebrated in the past days began to be celebrated daily. It is exhibited in front of the visual show in the eyes of two hundred and hundreds of thousands of people in the daily world.
Since the day it emerged, it has been a source of livelihood for countless people and has shaped the economy of the region where it grew up. Today, it continues to gain the appreciation of people by increasing its value and to reach every corner of the world without stopping. For this reason, it still remains the most traded commodity in the world after oil.
On which people wrote books, articles, poems; Although it is not possible to describe the coffee, for which it gave its name to its regions, goods and material and moral meanings, from the very beginning to the point it came to, we have explained it for you in a way that will answer every question you may have, from the production to the presentation of the coffee, and we have prepared the longest coffee article published on the internet for you.
How Was Coffee Discovered?
This situation leads to the emergence of many independent rumors about the discovery of coffee. Although coffee is one of the most consumed beverages in the world, there is no proven information about when it first appeared. While this is the case, it is not possible to describe the discovery of coffee in precise terms, but we can have an idea about the discovery of coffee through the most spoken and common legends.
The most famous of these stories we mentioned tells that coffee was found in Ethiopia thanks to goats. In this story, the Arabs, who were shepherds within the borders of Abyssinia at the time and in a region that is now connected to Ethiopia, observed that the goats did not sleep for days and were full of energy. Later, when they examined what the goats did to find out the reason for this, they said; They thought that they had eaten a plant that had never been seen before and that these plants had caused the situation.
Later, they collected this plant and took it to their dervishes for advice, and when a dervish named Shazili saw the same effects on himself, the magical effects of coffee and caffeine were understood for the first time by human beings. The coffee bean, which was first consumed by turning into flour and mixing into bread dough, was then boiled in water and drunk, and thus began the adventure of coffee that continues to this day.
How Did Coffee Spread The World?
After being consumed in Abyssinia for the first time, coffee was brought to Yemen and gained its real fame here. Today, Yemen is the first country that comes to mind when it comes to coffee, but this is not the real homeland of coffee. Yemen is the country that created the coffee culture.
It is said that the person who made coffee spread from Abyssinia to the world was Ottoman Officer Ozdemir Pasha. When Turkish coffee is compared with other coffee cultures periodically, it is enough to prove that this claim is true.
Where Does Coffee Get Its Name?
It is said that Qaffa, a coffee-growing region in Abyssinia, gave its name to coffee. The similarity between the two words and the claim that coffee was discovered in Abyssinia support this view.
Coffee Cultures Around The World
Each nation has consumed coffee in different ways as a result of the taste of its own culture and the characteristics of the climate in which it lives. These differences caused separation in the way the coffee was cooked and the additional materials made for flavoring it. Each nation continues to keep its own coffee culture alive, but many of them have not been able to influence other countries on a global scale, and some have adopted their own culture to the whole world.
Turkish Coffee Culture
Although it is said that Turks met coffee long before this date, the formation of Turkish coffee culture coincides with this period. The most distinctive feature of Turkish coffee is that it is cooked in a cezve and served with its grounds. Although in other coffee cultures the coffee pulp is filtered after the brewing process, this is not the case with Turkish coffee. Even after serving, the coffee continues to brew in the cup. In addition, the portions are too small, resulting in a strong coffee. For those who do not like coffee this way, at first, it was tried to sweeten it by mixing honey. In the next period, sugar replaced honey.
Despite such tasting features, Turkish coffee is a type of coffee that stands out not with its taste but with its spiritual aspect. The naive understanding of hunger by offering water to the incoming guests along with coffee, the cooking of coffee at betrothal ceremonies, and its identification with Turkish delight, another important part of our culture, are just a few of the elements that strengthen the spiritual aspect of coffee.
It is a fact that Turkish coffee culture cannot compete with the Italian coffee culture that dominates the whole world. The biggest reason for this is that it is at the forefront with its spiritual aspect rather than the taste aspect mentioned above. For example, when we look at coffees originating from Italy, there are many options such as espresso for those who like strong and intense flavors, lungo for a touch of softness, latte for those who like it with milk, and cappuccino for those who like foamy. But the variety in Turkish coffee is much more limited. This causes it not to appeal to everyone and not to be adopted around the world.
Italian Coffee Culture
Coffee culture in Italy started to rise in 1879, when espresso was invented. Most of the coffee types we consume today, whether Italian or not, have been fed from the Italian culture because they are espresso-based. The biggest reason why coffee is so widespread in Italy and that this spread has reached the whole world is that there are enough types of coffee to appeal to everyone.
Even the cortado, an invention of the Spanish, or the Americano, the invention of the American soldiers, contains espresso at its base. This is an indication that Italians have mastered coffee and have influenced the world.
French Coffee Culture
Filter coffee; Although it is a type of coffee claimed by the French, Italians and Germans, it is identified with the French culture. Filter coffee is obtained by filtering the coffee brewed by boiling from the pulp after brewing is finished. In France, it is usually served for breakfast, accompanied by a croissant, and is mostly consumed at this meal. The French use milk to soften filter coffee, but its plain consumption is more common around the world.
Where Does Coffee Grow?
Tropical climatic regions between the Tropics of Capricorn and Cancer are the ideal places to grow coffee. The region where coffee will be grown should receive regular rainfall and the temperature difference should be low. Coffee cultivation is seen as one of the main sources of income in regions where tropical climates with these characteristics are effective. In various countries where this type of climate is not seen, coffee is produced, albeit a little.
Most of the coffee production is met by South American countries. Apart from this, coffee is produced in other parts of America. In this region, the coffees of the countries of Guatemala, Costa Rica, Brazil, Colombia and Mexico come to the fore.
Brazil alone accounts for 30% of the world’s coffee production.
The African continent, the region where coffee was discovered, also has an important share in coffee production. The African continent has climates that vary from region to region. While some areas are deserted, some areas have ideal properties for coffee farming. In the African continent, countries such as Ethiopia, Ivory Coast and Kenya have developed in coffee production.
African beans have a more fruity aroma.
Coffee was first consumed as a beverage in the Arabian Peninsula. It was the Arabs who discovered coffee. Therefore, they took part in production as well as consumption. The leading country in coffee production in this region is Yemen, which is identified with coffee.
ASIA – PACIFIC REGION
Although the Asian continent is very limited, it is one of the places where coffee is produced. The largest coffee producer in the Asian continent is Indonesia. Despite the constant floods and raids in Indonesia, coffee fields are frequently destroyed, but a significant portion of its people continue to make a living by producing coffee. Apart from Indonesia, Vietnam is one of the Asian countries where coffee is produced.
How To Get The Perfect Coffee Grind?
Grinding the coffee at the right thickness ensures maximum flavor from the brewed coffee. Many manual and electric coffee grinders are produced for homes or cafes. For example, using coarse ground coffee in equipment with a short brewing time such as the V60 causes the aroma to be quite low; Using finely ground coffee in equipment with a long brewing time, such as a french press, causes the coffee to have a bitter taste. Therefore, the most suitable grinding method should be preferred for each equipment.
- Too thick: Cold brew
- Bold: French press
- Medium-thick: Chemex
- Medium: Paper filter coffee machines, aeropress and siphon
- Medium-fine: V60 and short-duration aeropress brews
- Fine: Moka pot, espresso and extra short aeropress brews
- Very thin: Turkish coffee
What Is A Barista?
Barista is a word that came to our language from Italian. In the shortest definition, the person who prepares and serves the coffee is called a barista. From the cleanliness of the bar in a place to its order, all responsibility belongs to the barista. Therefore, meticulousness is as important as theoretical knowledge and practical skills for a barista. It is the responsibility of the barista to make the coffee with the right ingredients in a delicious way, to decorate it in a way that will impress the customer, and to present the prepared coffee at the right temperature. That’s why professional experience is so important.Please Add a comment before the calling of What Is Coffee,, we will inform your mail address to the owner of the fish. They will reach to you from email or your phone.